New and Noteworthy

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The First Lady of United Republic of Tanzania and the Minister for Health and Social Welfare support the eMTCT initiative

The First Lady, Mama Salma Kikwete, and the Minister for Health and Social Welfare Dr. Seif Rashid showing their support to the elimination of mother to child transmission of HIV (eMTCT) initiative during an eMTCT national stakeholders dialogue meeting.

The Ministry of Health and Social Welfare (MoHSW) is currently implementing Option B+ as one of the strategies to facilitate achievement of eMTCT goals and targets. With Option B+, all HIV–infected pregnant, postpartum and breastfeeding women will be initiated on antiretroviral treatment for life as soon as they are diagnosed, irrespective of their CD4 count and World Health Organization clinical staging. The MoHSW recommends the use of a fixed drug combination of Tenofovir/Lamivudine/Efavirenz (TLE) taken as one tablet a day, for life.

Featured Publications

Monitoring prevention or emergence of HIV drug resistance: results of a population-based foundational survey of early warning indicators in mainland Tanzania

A retrospective longitudinal survey of 35 purposely sampled care and treatment clinics in 17 regions of mainland Tanzania was conducted to monitor the emergency of HIV drug resistance at population level. The authors adopted the WHO early warning indicators (EWIs) that include ART prescribing practices, patients lost to follow-up 12 months after ART initiation, retention [read more …]

Qualitative Assessment of the Integration of HIV Services With Infant Routine Immunization Visits in Tanzania

A project was implemented in 8 primary health clinics throughout Tanzania in 2009 to explore the feasibility of integrating pediatric HIV prevention services with routine infant immunization visits. Midway through the project implementation interviews were conducted with mothers of infants who had received the integrated services and service providers. It was found that mothers perceived [read more …]

Intimate partner violence and breastfeeding in Africa

This is the first study to explore the association of maternal intimate partner violence victimization with early initiation and exclusive breastfeeding in eight African countries. Findings varied across the different contexts but there were some general patterns including; maternal IPV victimization tended to be associated with suboptimal breastfeeding practises, all forms of maternal IPV victimisation [read more …]