New and Noteworthy

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The First Lady of United Republic of Tanzania and the Minister for Health and Social Welfare support the eMTCT initiative

The First Lady, Mama Salma Kikwete, and the Minister for Health and Social Welfare Dr. Seif Rashid showing their support to the elimination of mother to child transmission of HIV (eMTCT) initiative during an eMTCT national stakeholders dialogue meeting.

The Ministry of Health and Social Welfare (MoHSW) is currently implementing Option B+ as one of the strategies to facilitate achievement of eMTCT goals and targets. With Option B+, all HIV–infected pregnant, postpartum and breastfeeding women will be initiated on antiretroviral treatment for life as soon as they are diagnosed, irrespective of their CD4 count and World Health Organization clinical staging. The MoHSW recommends the use of a fixed drug combination of Tenofovir/Lamivudine/Efavirenz (TLE) taken as one tablet a day, for life.

Featured Publications

Injectable and oral contraceptives and risk of HIV acquisition in women: an analysis of data from the MDP301 trial

A study was conducted among 8,663 HIV-negative women from South Africa, Uganda, Tanzania and Zambia who were followed for 52 weeks to determine whether injectable and oral contraceptives increase the risk of human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) acquisition in women. These women had been enrolled in the phase 3 double blind randomized placebo-controlled trial investigating the [read more …]

Maternal mortality among HIV-infected pregnant women in Tanzania

In a prospective cohort study conducted in HIV care and treatment clinics in Dar es Salaam to determine mortality rate among pregnant women, maternal mortality ratio of 1729 per 100 000 live births was reported. Factors that were associated with higher mortality included being wasted and anemia. Women who were initiated on antiretroviral therapy before [read more …]

Monitoring prevention or emergence of HIV drug resistance: results of a population-based foundational survey of early warning indicators in mainland Tanzania

A retrospective longitudinal survey of 35 purposely sampled care and treatment clinics in 17 regions of mainland Tanzania was conducted to monitor the emergency of HIV drug resistance at population level. The authors adopted the WHO early warning indicators (EWIs) that include ART prescribing practices, patients lost to follow-up 12 months after ART initiation, retention [read more …]