New and Noteworthy

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The First Lady of United Republic of Tanzania and the Minister for Health and Social Welfare support the eMTCT initiative

The First Lady, Mama Salma Kikwete, and the Minister for Health and Social Welfare Dr. Seif Rashid showing their support to the elimination of mother to child transmission of HIV (eMTCT) initiative during an eMTCT national stakeholders dialogue meeting.

The Ministry of Health and Social Welfare (MoHSW) is currently implementing Option B+ as one of the strategies to facilitate achievement of eMTCT goals and targets. With Option B+, all HIV–infected pregnant, postpartum and breastfeeding women will be initiated on antiretroviral treatment for life as soon as they are diagnosed, irrespective of their CD4 count and World Health Organization clinical staging. The MoHSW recommends the use of a fixed drug combination of Tenofovir/Lamivudine/Efavirenz (TLE) taken as one tablet a day, for life.

Featured Publications

Intimate partner violence and breastfeeding in Africa

This is the first study to explore the association of maternal intimate partner violence victimization with early initiation and exclusive breastfeeding in eight African countries. Findings varied across the different contexts but there were some general patterns including; maternal IPV victimization tended to be associated with suboptimal breastfeeding practises, all forms of maternal IPV victimisation [read more …]

Follow-up of Infants diagnosed with HIV-Early Infant Diagnosis Program, Francistown, Botswana

The Botswana PMCT program began in 2001. Health care, including antenatal care, PMTCT services and ART is free for all citizens. Over 95% of pregnant women register for antenatal care, and nearly all these women are offered PMTCT services. Infants of HIV-positive women are tested at 6 weeks or at first health care contact. Despite [read more …]

Health Outcomes and Cost Impact of the New WHO 2013 Guidelines on Prevention of Mother-to-Child Transmission of HIV in Zambia.

This study was conducted in Zambia to examine health outcomes and cost impacts of the shift from 2010 option A to WHO 2013 recommendation for prevention of mother to child transmission of HIV. A decision analytic model was developed based on the national health system perspective and estimated risk and number of cases of HIV [read more …]